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Advocacy Toolkit for Librarians

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Important Funding Updates


April 25, 2018: Democrats and Republicans Release Proposed Budgets; Bad News for CLC Continues

Both the Democrats and Republicans have released their budgets. CLC’s funding is at $124,402 and $118,182 respectively.
In both budgets the delayed start hold back from this past fall was carried over into FY18-19. The Republican budget has an additional 5% cut on top of this. Full details:

On a positive note, borrowIT funding is restored in both budgets: Democrats at $855,438, Republicans at $703,638.

February 21, 2018: The Case for CLC Funding 

CLC's funding has been cut by 63% since 2014. What would be the impact if libraries across the state had to pay over $7.4 million more for the same products and services they are currently getting from CLC? Imagine the cost of every library having to devote resources to negotiating their own bids and contracts.


Jennifer Keohane's public testimony, February 22, 2018


Recent history of CLC funding and Return on Investment (ROI)


FY Ending



Amount Received
after holdbacks
& rescissions




 2012 $350,000  $332,500  $6,225,316  $13.78
 2013 $350,000  $332,500  $6,821,378  $14.41
 2014 $332,500  $332,500  $7,124,258  $13.92
 2015 $332,500  $315,875  $7,252,273  $14.97
 2016 $190,000  $185,444  $7,394,659  $17.47
 2017 $190,000 $174,800 $7,487,831  $19.37
 2018 $184,300  *$124,402  TBD  TBD
 2019 $184,300  **$124,402  TBD  TBD

*Expected for current year

**Governor's proposed figure

***For every state dollar spent funding CLC, Connecticut libraries saved this amount



February 5, 2018: Governor's Proposed FY18/19 budget largely repeats FY17/18 holdbacks; eliminates borrowIT

The Governor today released his proposed FY 2019 budget adjustments.  The budget carries over most of the lapses and other reductions that were implemented by the Governor on November 17 (see below), including the 33% holdback for CLC. The budget proposal also calls for eliminating funding for borrowIT next year.

   FY19 Appropriated FY19 Governor's Recommended Percent Reduction FY19
 Personal Services 5,019,931 4,880,154 <3%
 Other Expenses 426,673 405,339  5%
 State-Wide Digital Library (researchIT) 1,750,193 1,575,174  10%
 Interlibrary Loan Delivery Service (deliverIT) 276,232 248,609  10%
 Legal/Legislative Library Materials 638,378 574,540  10%
 Support Cooperating Service Units (CLC) 184,300 124,402  33%
 Connecticard Payments (borrowIT) 781,820 0  100%
 AGENCY TOTAL 9,077,527 7,808,118 14%




November 17, 2017: Cuts to current year State Library budget include 33% holdback for CLC

Since the budget was passed last fall, the Governor has unveiled a holdback plan that makes additional funding reductions. These include a "Delayed Start," which is essentially eliminating the first grant payment for grant funded programs, including CLC. This cut, combined with an overall 10% reduction, leaves CLC with approximately 33% less funding for the current year than was originally announced.


The chart below details the cuts to the State Library Budget for the current (17/18) fiscal year:


   FY18 Appropriated FY18 Allotments after OPM Holdbacks Percent Reduction
 Personal Services 5,019,931 4,815,759 4%
 Other Expenses 426,673 405,339  5%
 State-Wide Digital Library (researchIT) 1,750,193 1,575,174  10%
 Interlibrary Loan Delivery Service (deliverIT) 276,232 244,853  11%
 Legal/Legislative Library Materials 638,378 574,540  10%
 Support Cooperating Service Units (CLC) 184,300 124,402  33%
 Connecticard Payments (borrowIT) 781,820 703,638  10%
 AGENCY TOTAL 9,077,527 8,443,705 7%





1. CLC is an incredible value for Connecticut.

    Connecticut Library Consortium provides cooperative purchasing to over 800 Connecticut libraries.
    CLC saved Connecticut libraries nearly $7.5 million in 2016-17 by leveraging discounts through collective buying power.

    Cost to fund CLC at current level: $184,300

    Cost per capita to fund CLC at this level:  5 cents
    State Funding: $174,800
    Savings for Connecticut residents via libraries: $7,487,831
    Return on investment in CLC: $7,313,031


2. CLC cannot sustain more cuts.

  • CLC received a 47% cut in state funding in 2015, and additional cuts in 2016.
  • The amount originally allocated for CLC for FY 17/18 and FY 18/19 made these cuts permanent.
  • The allocation for FY 17/18 was cut 33% due to holdbacks and rescissions. The same 33% cut is proposed for FY 18/19.
  • CLC has reorganized, reduced staffing, eliminated programs, increased member dues, and is currently using reserve funds to make up a portion of cut funding.
  • CLC is actively working to diversify its funding so it is less reliant on state support. However, it will be at least 3 years until CLC no longer requires state funding.
  • At current state funding levels, CLC will cease to exist in 3 years.


3. Funding CLC is essential.

  • CLC member libraries saved nearly $7.5 million in FY 2016-17 through CLC’s negotiated discounts, group purchasing programs and training.
  • Connecticut’s public libraries saved almost $60 for every $1 they invested in CLC in FY 2016-17.
  • 1,765 Connecticut library staff benefited from CLC’s free or low-cost professional development programs in FY 2016-17.
  • CLC is lean and mean: by employing a small staff that negotiates on behalf of over 800 libraries across the state, we reduce the effort, staff time and cost of purchasing library products and services by individual libraries – and greater discounts are realized by Connecticut libraries thanks to collective purchasing power.  





1. Actions to take


2. Resources to help - CLC SPECIFIC






Background - CLC & Statewide Library Issues

CLA, CTPlaces, other Connecticut groups

2016 Background (still pertinent)

  • The Connecticut State Library budget is currently 25% lower than it was 8 years ago. 

  • The Connecticut State Library cannot afford any more budget cuts.

  • In 2016, the Malloy administration assigned the Connecticut State Library to find $579,760 in cuts, a 5.75 percent reduction. This budget includes funding for interlibrary loan delivery service, legal and legislative library materials, cooperative library service units (aka CLC), grants to public libraries, Connecticard payments and the state-wide digital library. (CT Mirror)

  • Proposed cuts may hurt local library budgets because: (1) Reduced funding for CLC would impact CLC's group purchasing discounts, reducing library purchasing power; and (2) Reductions to the borrowIT CT (Ccard) reimbursements would impact resource sharing.
  • 2016 CT State Library Programs Fact Sheet
  • 2016 Connecticut Libraries Fact Sheet
  • 2016 Connecticut Libraries Talking Points





These materials were prepared for the 2015 advocacy campaign, but can be adapted for other campaigns.

  • Sample Op-Eds





CLC funding infographicClick graphic for a larger version 



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